In most ethnic conflicts, it’s only natural for involved parties to point fingers as a means to absolve themselves from persecution. Most likely, each party has probably endured violence and suffering from the other side. Pointing fingers, and simply seeking revenge is counter-productive, and it will most likely result in more violence and abuse. As a model for sustainable solutions for ethnic conflict, I am using the idea of a Truth and Reconciliation Committee as was done in South Africa.Tanya Glaser’s article on the issue provides a more detailed explanation of each point made below.
The premise of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa was to provide the following:
- Amnesty for political crimes in exchange for full confession where individuals who do not make confessions are still subject to persecution.
- Investigating past human rights violation in order to bring recognition and closure to the victims.
- Offering reparations to the victims. Each case varies, but as a minimum, I think psychological services should be provided to the victims.
I think these are sustainable solutions, that can work in the long run to achieve peace within conflict torn cultures.